Withdrawal agreement: ratification of the withdrawal agreement 22 October 2019 Graeme Cowie The British government and the European Union reached an agreement on Thursday 17 October 2019 on a revised withdrawal agreement (draft treaty) and on a framework for future relations (a common political declaration, but not even a treaty). But this was not the end of the authorization procedure: […] PROTOCOLE ON IRELAND / NORTHERN IRELAND Replacement of the texts of the NI Protocol agreed at the negotiating level for: – The Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland, enshrined in the Withdrawal Agreement, and the resulting technical adjustments to Article 184 “Negotiations on Future Relations” and Article 185 “Entry into force and implementation” of the Withdrawal Agreement […] Finland will be represented at the European Council by the Prime Minister and the General Affairs Council by the Minister for European Affairs. In addition, an ad hoc group on Article 50, made up of experts from the Member States, has been set up to assist the Council in the withdrawal negotiations. The group met weekly in Brussels. The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. 3. The main objective of the part relating to the separation provisions (Articles 40-125) is to ensure legal certainty so that, at the end of the transition period, edough proceedings can be closed on the basis of the application of EU law, in accordance with EU law. This third part also contains the special provisions necessary for the eu`s orderly exit from the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). The new political declaration sets out the framework for future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom and reflects the Government`s desire to conclude an ambitious, comprehensive, deep and flexible partnership on trade and economic cooperation with the EU, with a free trade agreement with the EU, in addition to security agreements and other areas of cooperation. 4. The following part (Articles 126-132) contains provisions relating to the transition period that extends to the end of 2020 and is necessary to move from withdrawal to future relations. The transitional period involves extending the application of existing EU legislation.

The only important exception is that Britain will no longer be part of the EU`s institutions and bodies and will no longer participate in EU decision-making. On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. The withdrawal agreement consists of 185 articles, three protocols and nine annexes.