The Paris Agreement is the world`s first comprehensive climate agreement. The United States and China, which together account for 40% of global CO2 emissions, both formally acceded to the Paris Global Climate Agreement earlier this month. The rapid adoption of the agreement and the key role it will play in ratification will allow India to put pressure on developed countries to make more ambitious commitments to reduce CO2 emissions and finance and technology for developing countries to enable a low-carbon economy, in line with the new rules of the Paris Agreement. Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar signed the agreement in the high-level UN General Assembly hall, hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. The ceremony brought together heads of government, ministers, business leaders and artists. On June 1, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the agreement.  Under Article 28, the effective withdrawal date of the United States is the fastest possible date, given that the agreement entered into force in the United States on November 4, 2016. If it had decided to withdraw from the UNFCCC, it could be informed immediately (the UNFCCC came into force in 1994 for the United States) and come into force a year later.
On August 4, 2017, the Trump administration officially announced to the United Nations that the United States intends to withdraw from the Paris Agreement as soon as it has a legal right to do so.  The formal declaration of resignation could only be submitted after three years of implementation of the agreement for the United States in 2019.   India is responsible for about 4.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions and has become the 62nd country to ratify the agreement. The Paris Agreement is an agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that deals with the reduction, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions from 2020. The agreement aims to address the threat of global climate change by keeping global temperatures well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels this century and to continue efforts to further limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.  The ambitious Paris Agreement, signed in December 2015, obliges Member States to make binding commitments to reduce carbon DIOXIDE (CO2) emissions to prevent global average temperatures from exceeding 1.5oC compared to pre-industrial years.