In 2014, Xi and Barack Obama, then president of the United States, have already reached a surprising agreement on climate change, which has become an important part of the Paris agreement signed in December 2015. Both the expert survey and the modelling results show that energy sector reform, industrial processing, industrial efficiency, ETS, light commercial vehicle (LDV) efficiency and the efficiency of heavy commercial vehicles (HDVs), woodlot and power plant efficiency standards are essential to achieving China`s climate goals by 2030. The expert also stresses the need to focus on GAZ NON-CARBON emissions, the elimination of fossil fuel subsidies, the development of green bond financing policy, innovation policy, LDV electrification and green building standards. Wooding is more important in the model than experts think. Both findings agree that China`s current resource tax has a negligible impact on CO2 emissions. A national policy below zero could act as an important catalyst for businesses and cities and encourage them to declare their own net zero targets. A mixed methodological approach was used, combining qualitative and quantitative approaches to understanding China`s political shortcomings in achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement. Three primary methods were used. The first was to take stock of all national policies published after 2000, classified by type and by department of expenditure. The second was a survey of experts, both Chinese and foreign climate policy experts, who conducted a survey of 18 questions on the effectiveness of the strategies identified in our political inventory. The third was the development of a dynamic model of the system, which applies specifically to China, introducing individual guidelines identified in our policy inventory and allowing them to interact with each other. In particular, the expert learning process was separate from the modeling process. Modelling has proven extremely useful in determining what policy could lead to a mismatch between current policies and the policy package needed to enable China to achieve its NDC objectives.

Expert assistance has proven useful in identifying the second type of political divide in which the announced policies have not been well implemented, underspending the need for reform or enhanced implementation of these policies. “Studies like this show that higher emission reduction targets are absolutely achievable for China. On the eve of the UN Secretary-General`s climate summit, this should give China even more confidence in its ability to do more and faster. The White House. Joint announcement by the United States and China on climate change, available on obamawhitehouse.archives.gov/the-press-office/2014/11/11/us-china-joint-announcement-climate-change (2014). Existing research identifies several factors that fuel China, including economic growth, industrial structure, energy intensity, energy mix, technological change and population growth rate.